Mesenchymal Stem Cells and Knee Pain

By: | Tags: | Comments: 0 | July 30th, 2015


Overview of the Knee Joint

Our knees are very susceptible because of the constant beating they take in our everyday life.
The knee joint is a complex, load bearing hinge that relies on surrounding muscles, ligaments, and connective tissues for proper function.
The human knee is composed of 2 bones, the femur, the tibia and the patella.
These bones are held together by tendons and ligaments, and separated by a layer of smooth articular cartilage that helps with shock absorbing.
The cartilage allows for the bones to glide and roll over each other with little resistance.

People injure themselves all the time and suffer from medical knee pain. This is especially true with sports injuries, and arthritis. A specialist can help the patient return the dislocated knee to its former status. Many times the injury is minor, but there are times when the pain can be severe.


Problems of the Knees 

Below is an overview of some of the most common knee problems:

– Osteoarthritis
– Meniscus Tear
– ACL/PCL Damage, (Anterior Cruciate Ligament or Posterior Cruciate Ligament)


Arthritis or Osteoarthritis

Arthritis is a condition that affects millions of people, young and old, all over the world. The most common form of this disorder is osteoarthritis, sometimes referred to as degenerative joint disease/ degenerative arthritis because it is caused by the breaking down of the cartilage i.e. torn meniscus or knee ligaments, damage in knee cartilage, that protects your bone joints. When these joints grind together, this cause painful inflammation, swelling and loss of range of motion.

You can get osteoarthritis in any joint of your body, but osteoarthritis of the knee is one of the most common joints affected.

An osteoarthritic knee is painful to deal with on a daily basis, especially for those who participate in sports, spend a lot of time on their feet or just enjoy being active.
Being diagnosed with knee osteoarthritis or arthritis does need not be the end of the your active days, but you do need to seek medical attention as soon as you suspect osteoarthritis of the knee or any other joint.

Osteoarthritis knee treatment is advanced now more than ever and there are many options for care.


Meniscus Damage

The meniscus is the surface that allows the bones to glide over each other in the knee joint and an injury to the knee joint can result in meniscus damage.
In case of a meniscus damage, the surface that allows the bones to glide is no longer smooth, and can result in irritation and discomfort during motion, flexion or extension.
A torn meniscus occurs because of trauma caused by forceful twisting or hyper- flexing of the knee joint.
The meniscus can be damaged gradually, as we age and due to overuse, or because of a single day event.


ACL/PCL Damage

The Anterior Cruciate Ligament or ACL is an important, stabilizer of the knee joint, restraining hyperextension.
The major role of the ACL is to resist anterior translation and medial rotation of the tibia, in relation to the femur.

The Posterior Cruciate Ligament or PCL is one the most important ligament of the knee. During knee joint movement, the PCL rotates and its major function is to prevent the femur from sliding off the anterior edge of the tibia and to prevent the tibia from displacing posterior to the femur.

Common causes of injuries to the ACL are due to heavy or stiff-legged landing, mostly sports related such as football, basketball, tennis and golf.
Common causes of injuries to the PCL are accidents or direct blows to the flexed knee, such as falling hard, forceful encounter of the knee against a hard surface.


Stem Cell For the Knees

What Are Mesenchymal Stem Cells ?

The primary role of Stem Cells is to maintain and repair the tissue in which they are found.
Mesenchymal Stem Cells actively respond to stress or injury in a manner similar to how the immune system cells respond to pathogen exposure.
Mesenchymal Stem Cells are multi-potent cells that can renew itself and posses the ability to differentiate into various tissues including bone, tendon, articular cartilage, ligaments, muscles and fat.

Dr. Halland, a regenerative medicine specialist uses the power of Adult Stem Cells, as an alternative to traditional pain management.
According to Dr. Halland, “My personal philosophy is that we should try to help patients avoid surgery as much as possible, and seek out healthcare treatment options that heal the problem, as opposed to invasive traditional surgery. As a Regenerative Medicine specialist, I incorporate injection based therapy and the high-tech science of stem cells and growth factors to treat damaged or aging body areas so patients can heal naturally without invasive procedures. Likewise, patients have minimal downtime, which is a large factor why I prefer these natural and minimal to non-invasive treatments to restore health and youthfulness.”

In particular, utilizing one’s own mesenchymal stem cells to help the healing process of injured or degenerated joints such as: Knees, Hips, Shoulders can be translated for longer lasting and natural looking results.